We all know that feeling: The eyes get red and swollen. A foreign body sensation bothers us, there is burning or pain. Almost everyone gets an eye infection at some point in their lives. There is often a harmless irritation behind it, triggered by dust, allergens or prolonged computer work. The cause of the unpleasant symptoms can also be bacterial, viral or fungal infections. Sometimes there is an unnoticed injury behind it, or there is a foreign body in the eye. If the causes are treated too late, this can lead to serious complications and even blindness.
If your symptoms do not subside quickly, you should definitely see your ophthalmologist.
A first aid action in the case of imminent eye infections is careful hygiene. Secretions are best removed by rinsing the eye with clear water. To avoid the transmission of bacteria or virus you should always use fresh towels and washcloths and never share them with other people. If you wear contact lenses: Never put your contact lenses in your eyes and – if possible – dispose of the last used ones.
Beware of self-medication
Over-the-counter eye drops and ointments may suppress the symptoms without eliminating the cause. There is a risk of delaying the disease and significantly worsening the healing process. If, on the other hand, the cause is identified and treated early by your ophthalmologist, inflammation and injuries to the eyes usually heal without permanent impairment.